My Current HTML Boilerplate


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Each ingredient I take advantage of for the fundamental construction of a HTML document, with explanations why.

Most incessantly when I start a brand unusual venture, I either reproduction the HTML construction of the final assign of residing I constructed or I head over to HTML5 Boilerplate and reproduction their boilerplate. No longer too long ago I didn’t start a brand unusual venture, nonetheless I needed to document the construction we use at work for the net sites we create. So, merely copying and pasting wasn’t an option, I needed to comprehend the picks which were made. Since I spent rather a while researching and inserting the construction together, I determined to share it with you.

Frigid, here’s treasure https://github.com/h5bp/html5-boilerplate nonetheless rather of worse.

-Random acknowledge man on Hacker Records

My boilerplate

This is the final document. Scroll down for significant substances.

DOCTYPE html>
html lang="en" class="no-js">
head>
meta charset="UTF-8">
meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width">

title>Unfamiliar page title - My Spacetitle>

script type="module">
document.documentElement.classList.acquire('no-js');
document.documentElement.classList.add('js');
script>

link rel="stylesheet" href="/assets/css/styles.css">
link rel="stylesheet" href="/assets/css/print.css" media="print">

meta name="description" content="Page description">
meta property="og:title" content="Unique page title - My Site">
meta property="og:description" content="Page description">
meta property="og:image" content="https://www.mywebsite.com/image.jpg">
meta property="og:image:alt" content="Image description">
meta property="og:locale" content="en_GB">
meta property="og:type" content="website">
meta name="twitter:card" content="summary_large_image">
meta property="og:url" content="https://www.mywebsite.com/page">
link rel="canonical" href="https://www.mywebsite.com/page">

link rel="icon" href="/favicon.ico">
link rel="icon" href="/favicon.svg" type="image/svg+xml">
link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="/apple-touch-icon.png">
link rel="manifest" href="/my.webmanifest">
meta name="theme-color" content="#FF00FF">
head>

body>

script src="/assets/js/xy-polyfill.js" nomodule>script>
script src="/assets/js/script.js" type="module">script>
body>
html>

Line by line clarification

No longer unusual

DOCTYPE html>

For the outmoded-schoolers amongst you, you don’t need any of the rather a couple of doc kinds you’ve realized by heart. This is the one and easiest. Even supposing on the present time there are likely to be not any rather a couple of true alternatives, it has to be most modern for compatibility causes.

html lang="en" class="no-js">

The lang attribute is one in all the ideal attributes in HTML, as a consequence of it’s worthy and accountable for a great deal of issues. You are going to be ready to learn extra about it in On Exercise of the Lang Attribute and The lang attribute: browsers telling lies, telling candy little lies. Utilized to the html ingredient, it defines the natural language of the page. It contains a single “language designate” in the format defined in Tags for Identifying Languages (BCP47), shall we yell en for English, de for German or ru for Russian.

  • lang Language designate syntax MDN

I take advantage of the no-js class in case I need to observe styling to particular substances in browsers that don’t make stronger JavaScript. This class will likely be eradicated in browsers that make stronger and make trendy JavaScript.

meta charset="UTF-8">

This attribute declares the document’s persona encoding. Leaving it off may maybe trigger particular characters to point out incorrectly in some browsers.

Right here’s how Safari displays my name with and without the charset meta designate.

Manuel Matuzović – Manuel Matuzović

It need to come before the ingredient to steer clear of corrupt characters in the page title.

meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

The viewport meta designate enables us to replace the width of the viewport, which is mandatory for responsive online page plan. width=tool-width items the viewport width to the width of the cloak. preliminary-scale controls the zoom stage when the page is first loaded.

I’m no longer wonderful if environment preliminary-scale=1 is quiet mandatory. I mediate I learn somewhere that it become easiest wanted for Safari on

The viewport meta designate need to quiet come as early as imaginable in the document to present wonderful factual document rendering.

We dont need the shrink-to-match=no option anymore since iOS 9.3.

  • Time to acquire the shrink-to-match=no band relief?
  • The use of the viewport meta designate to manipulate structure on mobile browsers

Title, description, and social media

title>Unfamiliar page title - My Spacetitle>

The routine title of the page. It’s displayed in many locations, shall we yell, on the browser tab, in search engine results, even as you keep a page as a bookmark, etc.

  • Present informative, routine page titles
  • Accessible page titles in a Single Internet page App
script type="module">
document.documentElement.classList.acquire('no-js');
document.documentElement.classList.add('js');
script>

I’m cutting back the mustard at JS module make stronger. If a browser helps JavaScript modules, it come that it’s a browser that helps trendy JavaScript, such as modules, ES 6 syntax, ranking, etc. I ship most JS easiest to these browsers and I take advantage of the js class in CSS, if the styling of a part is rather a couple of, when JS is full of life.


caniuse showing that all modern browser support JS modules

link rel="stylesheet" href="/assets/css/styles.css">

CSS for the assign of residing.

link rel="stylesheet" href="/assets/css/print.css" media="print">

Print CSS for the assign of residing.

  • I solely forgot about print model sheets
meta name="description" content="Page description">

The routine description of the page, shall we yell, displayed on search result pages. It’ll be any length, nonetheless search engines like google and yahoo truncate snippets to ~155–160 characters.

meta property="og:title" content="Unique page title - My Site">

The routine title of the page. Used by URL scrapers on social media platforms treasure Twitter or Fb.

meta property="og:description" content="Page description">

The routine description of the page. Used by URL scrapers on social media platforms treasure Twitter or Fb.

meta property="og:image" content="image.jpg">

The image displayed even as you share the hyperlink to a page on social media, chat functions, or rather a couple of net sites that pickle URLs.

Ideally, it would quiet be a square image with the significant lisp placed in the middle of the square in a rectangle with a 2:1 ratio. This may maybe make wonderful that the image will search data from factual in playing cards with rectangle and square formed photography.

Right here’s is how this image will search data from on Twitter and on WhatsApp.

Large rectangle image in a Twitter card

Small square image on Whatsapp

Rules for Twitter: Images for this Card make stronger an facet ratio of two:1 with minimal dimensions of 300×157 or maximum of 4096×4096 pixels. Images must be no longer as a lot as 5MB in size. JPG, PNG, WEBP and GIF formats are supported.

  • Twitter Developer Docs: Playing cards
meta property="og:image:alt" content="Image description">

An elaborate of the image. Don’t use this meta designate if the image is only decorative and doesn’t present any meaningful data. Veil readers ignore the image, if we don’t present alt textual lisp.

meta property="og:locale" content="en_GB">

An optional Launch Graph property, nonetheless instructed. It defines the natural language of the page.

meta property="og:type" content="website">

The plan of lisp you’re sharing, e.g. net assign of residing, article, or video.film. A required property for sterling Launch Graph pages.

meta property="og:url" content="https://www.mywebsite.com/page">

The canonical URL of the page. A required property for sterling Launch Graph pages.

  • The Launch Graph protocol
meta name="twitter:card" content="summary_large_image">

This meta designate defines how playing cards will search data from when shared on Twitter. There are two alternatives for net sites, summary and summary_large_image.

summary_large_image
A large rectangle image on top, followed by the page title, description and URL below.

summary
A small square image on the left, page title, description and URL on the right.

You are going to be ready to appear that I’m the use of a square image to present wonderful the card appears to be factual in each adaptations. I’ve painted the tip and backside piece of the card red so as that you may maybe perchance look that these substances will likely be slash off in a summary_large_image.

Icons and take care of bar

meta name="theme-color" content="#FF00FF">

theme-color gives browsers with a CSS color to customize the purpose out of the page or of the encircling user interface.

Supported browsers: Chrome, Brave and Samsung Records superhighway on Android.

Pink UI in Brave browser

link rel="icon" href="/favicon.ico">

A 32×32px favicon for legacy browsers. It is going to quiet dwell in the basis of your net assign of residing.

link rel="icon" href="/favicon.svg" type="image/svg+xml">

Most up-to-date browser make stronger SVG favicons. The benefits of the favicon.svg are that it appears to be better when it’s scaled, as a consequence of it’s a vector and no longer raster image, and we are able so to add HTML and CSS to the SVG, which come that we are in a position to improve unlit mode.

svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="0 0 512 512">
style>
direction {
have: #153a51;
}

@media (prefers-color-design: unlit) {
direction {
have: #FFFFFF;
}
}

style>
path d="M397.8 117.9v290h-76.4V273.5h-.8l-46.4 97.2h-36.8l-46-96.8h-.8v134h-76.4v-290h80.4l60.8 150.8h.8l61.2-150.8h80.4z"/>
svg>

Favicon on my net assign of residing in gentle mode.
A blue M on light background in the browser tab in Chrome

Favicon on my net assign of residing in unlit mode.
A white M on dark background in the browser tab in Chrome

  • prefers-color-design in SVG favicons for unlit mode icons
link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="/apple-touch-icon.png">

The 180×180px icon Apple gadgets will use need to you add the page to your possess home cloak.

link rel="manifest" href="/my.webmanifest">

For Android gadgets we need a .webmanifest file, which gives browsers with the information the assign the icons wanted for the dwelling cloak and the splash cloak for PWAs are situated.

{
"name": "matuzo.at",
"icons": [
{ "src": "/icon-192.png", "kind": "image/png",

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