Barcode scanner app on Google Play infects 10M users with one update


Gradual final December we started getting a wound call from our forum patrons. Patrons were experiencing adverts that were opening through their default browser out of nowhere. The distinctive allotment is none of them had unprejudiced no longer too lengthy up to now installed any apps, and the apps they’d installed came from the Google Play retailer. Then one patron, who goes by username Anon00, chanced on that it modified into coming from a lengthy-time installed app, Barcode Scanner. An app that has 10,000,000+ installs from Google Play! We immediate added the detection, and Google immediate eradicated the app from its retailer.

Uncomplicated scanner turns noxious

Most of the customers had the app installed on their mobile devices for lengthy periods of time (one particular person had it installed for a few years). Then all of peculiar, after an replace in December, Barcode Scanner had long past from an harmless scanner to tubby on malware! Even supposing Google has already pulled this app, we predict from a cached Google Play webpage that the replace occurred on December 4th, 2020.

Malicious intent

The extensive majority of free apps on Google Play encompass some roughly in-app advertizing. They make this by including an advert SDK to the code of the app. On the complete at the discontinue of the app’s pattern. Paid-for versions merely make no longer own this SDK incorporated.

Advert SDKs can attain from varied third-celebration firms and present a source of revenue for the app developer. It’s a bewitch-bewitch arena for everyone. Customers discover a free app, while the app builders and the advert SDK builders in finding paid.

But each as soon as shortly, an advert SDK firm can replace one thing on their discontinue and adverts can originate getting a diminutive aggressive. Customarily even landing the apps that whine it in the Spyware and adware category. When this occurs, it’s no longer the app builders’ doing, nonetheless the SDK firm. I indicate this model to yelp that in the case of Barcode Scanner, this modified into no longer the case.

No, in the case of Barcode Scanner, malicious code had been added that modified into no longer in previous versions of the app. Moreover, the added code previous school heavy obfuscation to hold a ways from detection. To have a examine that is from the identical app developer, we confirmed it had been signed by the identical digital certificates as previous orderly versions. Due to its malign intent, we jumped past our current detection category of Spyware and adware straight to Trojan, with the detection of Android/Trojan.HiddenAds.AdQR.

Unhealthy habits

The toughest allotment of malware diagnosis can even be replicating what our customers are experiencing. That wasn’t a project with Barcode Scanner, it went into action inner minutes of install. Peek the immediate video beneath to query its malicious habits:

Removed from Play, nonetheless no longer from mobile instrument

Pushing aside an app from the Google Play retailer would no longer essentially mean it would possibly be eradicated from affected mobile devices. Except Google Play Provide protection to eliminates it after the truth, it remains on the instrument. Right here’s precisely what customers are experiencing with Barcode Scanner. Thus, till they install a malware scanner relish Malwarebytes for Android, or manually bewitch the app, it will continue to show masks adverts.

Lying dormant

It’s a ways anxious to converse actual how lengthy Barcode Scanner had been in the Google Play retailer as a unparalleled app sooner than it grew to change into malicious. In accordance with the high option of installs and particular person feedback, we suspect it had been there for years. It’s a ways frightening that with one replace an app can flip malicious while going beneath the radar of Google Play Provide protection to. It’s a ways baffling to me that an app developer with a favored app would flip it into malware. Was this the diagram all alongside, to own an app lie dormant, waiting to strike after it reaches recognition? I enlighten we can never know.

Update February 8, 2021

Per particular person ask of, we hold to give the Google Play link to the exact Barcode Scanner in ask: https://play.google.com/retailer/apps/foremost aspects?id=com.qrcodescanner.barcodescanner

We categorical regret that this modified into no longer in the beginning provided. We gradually make no longer present Google Play links that now no longer exist. Nonetheless, as a result of there are such loads of quite loads of unparalleled barcode and QR scanners on Google Play, we know how this records can abet in finding rid of confusion. As successfully as, the exact writer is LavaBird LTD, as shown in the Google Play screenshot. We would additionally hold to extra demonstrate that the habits of the malware is opening the default internet browser by itself, without particular person interplay. Right here’s assorted from internet redirects that happen while actively browsing the earn. We hope this clears up any confusion.

App Records

Creator:
LavaBird LTD

App Title:
Barcode Scanner

MD5:
A922F91BAF324FA07B3C40846EBBFE30

Kit Title:
com.qrcodescanner.barcodescanner

Google Play URL:
https://play.google.com/retailer/apps/foremost aspects?id=com.qrcodescanner.barcodescanner

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